If you or someone in your family has asthma it doesn’t mean you can’t travel and enjoy your holidays. But taking some time to choose and plan a trip - whether it's a weekend break or a long-distance adventure - can help prevent problems and help you make the most of your time away...
For most people with asthma, symptoms are mild and aren’t always present. But if your symptoms are more unpredictable and harder to manage, going on holiday may affect your asthma. Some people find their symptoms improve on holiday because their exposure to allergens such as pollen, pollution or house-dust mites is much lower in certain places. Other people, though, find that changes in routine, location, weather, temperature and/or pollution can make their symptoms worse, or that coming into contact with new allergens can trigger asthma symptoms.
Here are some things to think about before you head off on your holiday:
Choosing a holiday
For some people, changes in temperature – whether that’s heat or cold - and humid or damp air, can make asthma symptoms worse.
You can find out more about how weather can affect your asthma, plus practical tips to reduce the chances of it triggering symptoms on our weather page.
People with asthma can, and do, travel to high altitude - anywhere over 1,500 metres above sea level - regions of the world. However, everyone's asthma is different and will be affected by altitude in different ways. If you’re fit and healthy with well-managed asthma you should have no problems, as long you climb slowly and are alert to changes in your asthma.
If your asthma is triggered by the cold you might find the low temperatures at high altitudes are a problem. People whose asthma is triggered by exercise may also find that climbing at high altitude might trigger their asthma.
Each high-altitude region will have its own benefits and risks so it's important to find out as much information as possible about the place you're planning to visit.
If your asthma is well managed and you rarely have any symptoms, you should be able to enjoy any physical activity. But sometimes physical activity can be a trigger for asthma for everyone including children or adults, people who play sports and even elite athletes.
If you’re planning a holiday where you’re likely to be more physically active than usual, especially if you're thinking about doing anything that might fall into the 'extreme sports' category, such as scuba diving or skiing, read about what you can do to help make sure your asthma symptoms stay well managed.
If your asthma is well managed and you’re physically fit and well, you should have no problems when you're flying.
If your asthma is more severe, you may have some difficulties due to the reduced air pressure in the airplane cabin. Speak to your GP or asthma nurse before travelling by air to see if you’re safe to travel. Your GP or asthma nurse might ask you about your other flight experiences, how long the flight is, and how your asthma has been generally.
If your GP or asthma nurse thinks your asthma is likely to get worse when you're flying, they may ask you to do a walk test as part of a ‘fitness to fly assessment’ or may refer you for a 'hypoxic challenge' test. This will predict how well you would be able to cope with the conditions in an aircraft cabin, and advise whether you need in-flight oxygen.
Your doctor or asthma nurse will know how to refer you. It’s up to your GP as to whether they charge you for this service.
Remember, not all planes will have oxygen on board – and those that do may charge you to use it.
If you know what your asthma triggers are, for example second-hand smoke, open fires or animals, it’s a good idea to check with the hotel/B&B/self-catering company if you're likely to come across any of them during your stay. Have a look at our triggers pages for practical tips on how to reduce the risk of your triggers affecting you while you’re on holiday.
Carrying your asthma medicines
- Always carry your reliever inhaler (usually blue) with you.
- When you’re travelling always carry a spare reliever inhaler (usually blue) in your hand luggage, in case you run out or your checked-in baggage goes missing.
- Make sure you take enough inhalers and tablets with you to last the holiday plus a week's extra supply.
- It’s usually best to carry all your medicines with you in your hand luggage, in case your checked-in luggage goes missing or your medicines are damaged in the baggage hold. You'll need to put your inhalers and medicines into the clear sealable plastic bags that are provided when you go through airport security. Staff may also need to carry out additional checks on these items – for example, spray a puff into the air.
- Take the tear-off slip from your prescription, which lists all of your medicines, or ask for a letter from your doctor which lists them all (with the correct drug name rather than the manufacturer's name) to take with you. Your doctor may charge you for this letter. Remember to keep your medicines in their original packaging with the prescribing details label attached.
- Find out how you can get more supplies of your asthma medicines at your destination, in case your asthma medicines are damaged or some of your baggage goes missing.
If you need asthma equipment
Peak flow meter: If you normally use a peak flow meter take it with you so you can monitor your asthma symptoms while you’re on holiday.
If you’re flying, pack it in the luggage you check in. If you’re only taking hand luggage, you may need to get the airline’s permission to take a peak flow meter into the cabin so check with your airline before travelling.
Nebuliser: Most people with asthma don’t need to use a nebuliser. If your doctor has given you a nebuliser, remember other countries may have different power points and voltages, so you’ll either need an adaptor, or a battery-powered portable version.
You’ll also need to talk to the airline before you board if you’re likely to need to use your nebuliser on board the aircraft. Most airlines don’t allow medical equipment such as nebulisers to be used on board if they need a mains supply but will accept the use of battery-operated ones. If you need to use a nebuliser during the journey it is important to contact the airline to get permission to do so before you book your flight. Some airlines will ask for printed information on the flight safety of the device (you can get this from the manufacturer). You will not be able to use a nebuliser during take-off and landing.
The latest research shows using a reliever inhaler (usually blue) with a spacer is easier, cheaper and just as effective for treating mild to moderate asthma attacks as a nebuliser.
European Health Insurance Card (EHIC)
By taking out travel insurance and getting a free European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), you can avoid huge medical bills if you have an emergency during your trip.
The EHIC, which is free of charge, entitles UK residents to free or reduced-cost medical treatment in European Economic Area countries and Switzerland. But it’s not an alternative to travel insurance as an EHIC will not cover any private medical healthcare or the cost of things such as mountain rescue in ski resorts, the cost of being flown back to the UK or lost or stolen property.
Travel insurance will cover other medical costs that the EHIC will not, such as paying for your return journey if illness delays you, or covering your personal contributions towards treatment. You will also normally receive cover for non-medical emergencies, such as replacing possessions or a lost passport.
Different insurance companies have different policies for people with health conditions, so it can be useful to shop around to find the best deal for you. Travel insurance quotes, especially for people with long-term health conditions like asthma, vary from person to person and will depend on a range of things such as:
- your age
- the medicines you use
- if your asthma medicine has been recently changed (to a higher or lower dose)
- the number of emergency admissions you have had
- where you are travelling to
- any other conditions you might have
All travel insurance policies require you to disclose any information about all existing or pre-existing conditions. If you don’t do this, the insurance company can rightly claim it was misinformed and may not pay out if you make a claim.
Your travel checklist
- Travel vaccines
Discuss your travel plans with your GP or asthma nurse
- Speak to your doctor, practice nurse or travel health clinic about travel vaccines at least two months before you travel abroad. You can have the usual travel jabs that are recommended for your destination, unless there are other health reasons for not having them
- Tell your GP or practice nurse if you have recently used high-dose oral steroids before you have any vaccinations
- Asthma and medicines for asthma don't usually interfere with malaria tablets
Book an appointment with your GP or asthma nurse and review your written asthma action plan to make sure it's up to date, and you know what to do in an emergency.
Tell a friend
It’s a good idea to let the people you are travelling with know what to do if your asthma gets worse or if you have an asthma attack.
Be prepared in case there’s an emergency
Before you go on holiday, try find out how you can get medical help (local ambulance or doctor) at your holiday destination, and keep the contact details with you, along with the contact details of your home healthcare professionals in case of an emergency.
Know your rights
If you have severe asthma and have mobility difficulties, new European regulations guarantee certain rights at airports and on planes. The airport authorities have a responsibility to provide assistance at the airport and the airline you are travelling with has responsibility when you are on board the aircraft. Even if you are fairly mobile, there can be long distances to walk within airports and you may wish to consider taking the help available to you. If you are unable to climb the stairs into the aircraft there are lifts available.
Inform the airline before you travel
If you need help at the airport, you need to inform the airline of your needs at least 48 hours before you fly, and ideally try to let them know when you book your flight. If you have a carer or someone travelling with you, be sure to book assistance for both of you so you can stay together. Airports have help points in various locations where you can call for help even if you have not pre-arranged it. Help carrying reasonable amounts of luggage can be given free of charge.
Support getting travel insurance
Below are some links to websites you can go to for help and support in getting travel insurance. If you have any further suggestions please let us know.
- Tourism for All
The national charity dedicated to making tourism welcome for all people.
Specialist travel insurance companies
Please note: We are not recommending these companies, or saying they will definitely insure you.
Unique Insurance provide specialist travel insurance for people with pre-existing medical conditions including asthma. This should not only help people with asthma get cover but also provide further benefits:
- It is quick and easy to purchase.
- There is no age limit on single trip policies.
- As a partner of Unique Insurance Asthma UK will receive a donation for each policy sold.
Unique are experienced specialists in insurance for people with asthma and all other medical conditions and disabilities. They cannot promise to be the cheapest, but provide a valuable service in partnership with many charities, including Asthma UK.
If you are concerned over price, however, it is worth getting a number of alternative quotes (ensuring that you declare all details of asthma and any other conditions in full).
Visit our page on Unique Insurance to find out more.
Freedom Travel Insurance
Freedom Travel Insurance offers specialist travel insurance for people with pre-existing medical conditions. Their cover is underwritten by a very large insurance company called AXA.
Tel: 01223 454 290
Free Spirit is a specialist travel insurance policy for people with pre-existing medical conditions.
Phone: 0845 230 5000 (8am-6pm Monday-Friday)
It's So Easy Travel Insurance
It's So Easy provides travel insurance for people with pre-existing medical conditions.
Phone: 0845 222 4205 (Medical Screening Line)
Phone: (annual policies) 0845 222 2226
Orbis Insurance Services
Provides cover for people with pre-existing medical conditions
Phone: 01424 220 110
Specialises in providing travel and other insurance for people who are considered 'high risk' by the insurance industry generally.
Phone: 01280 850666
Saga can provide travel insurance for people with pre-existing medical conditions who are 50 years old and above.
Phone: 0800 015 8055
Provides travel insurance created for people who are disabled and those with pre-existing medical conditions.
Phone: 0845 338 1638 (Monday to Friday - 9.00am to 5.30pm)
Asthma Enterprises is an Introducer Appointed Representative of Heath Lambert Limited and Unique is a trading name of Heath Lambert Limited, which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Registered Office: The Walbrook Building, 25 Walbrook, London EC4N 8AW. Registered Number: 1199129 England and Wales. www.ajginternational.com
Last reviewed July 2015